Know that by the name of gonarthrosis we mean osteoarthritis of the knee, therefore a very common and known problem. The causes are many, but to simplify, we tell you the knee and its cartilages lose their elasticity and their “brake” against wear and tear on the bone. It is a problem that can affect only one knee but also both.

Surely you have already heard of gonarthrosis or perhaps you have it in its more common name osteoarthritis of the knee. It is also simply called osteoarthritis of the knee and it is a degenerative disease that causes the progressive wear of the cartilages. Let’s see how it works.

What’s this

When we talk about gonarthrosis we refer precisely to knee osteoarthritis, a very common problem that affects millions of people. Unfortunately, it is a neurodegenerative disease and therefore it will tend to get worse and worse. In fact, the problem is with the cartilage which gradually wears out: thus the cushion between the joints that are needed to cushion movements and any bumps is missing.

Gonarthrosis can be divided into:

  1. unilateral
  2. bilateral

It is often bilateral, meaning it affects not just one knee but both.

The causes

At this point you may be wondering what caused this problem, in reality, the causes can be various. Let’s see together a list of factors that favor its onset:

  • l ‘ advanced age, of course, the older you get, the more bone and related cartilage weaken and wear out
  • overweight
  • possible genetic predisposition, if in the family you have one or more people who suffer from this problem
  • trauma or strong blows to the knees
  • arthritis in its various forms


  • And now let’s look at the symptoms of gonarthrosis instead, to help you spot the signs of this disease earlier:
  • hurt the knees which usually increases when you are doing movements or sports activities
  • stiffness in the joints, essentially struggling to perform movements after a short period of being in the same position
  • swelling in one or both knees
  • bone noises

The diagnosis

Surely the first step is to talk about it with your doctor who by asking you some targeted questions will already give you an initial answer. Then he will recommend some very useful exams such as X-rays and MRIs, to understand not only if the problem is present, but also its severity.

The cure

We tell you right away that unfortunately you cannot completely recover from gonarthrosis, but you can alleviate the symptoms. Therapy is usually divided into two types :

  • surgical, chosen only in the most severe cases and with the most intense pain
  • conservative, which includes anti-inflammatories, painkillers, and targeted physiotherapy, as well as injections of hyaluronic acid.

If, on the other hand, you are forced to choose the path of surgery, they will be able to opt for cleaning of the cartilages, the use of a prosthesis or osteotomy, that is, reshaping, restoring a shape to the bone.

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